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Introduction to C & C++ Programming

C Programming

C was created in the early 1970s as a general-purpose computer language. It was designed to be a low-level language, allowing direct manipulation of memory and hardware. C is known for its efficiency, simplicity, and portability, which made it widely adopted in various applications.

C++ Programming

C++ is an extension of the C programming language developed in the 1980s. It retains C's efficiency and power while supporting object-oriented programming (OOP) principles. C++ expanded on C by introducing features like classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism, and templates.

Both C and C++ are widely used in various domains, including system programming, game development, embedded systems, software engineering, and more. They provide low-level control, high performance, and a large ecosystem of libraries and tools.

Difference between C and C++

C++ was developed as an extension of C, and both languages have almost the same syntax

The main difference between C and C++ is that C++ supports classes and objects, while C does not.

Why should you take C & C++ programming?

Taking C and C++ programming is valuable for several reasons. C and C++ are versatile languages used in a wide range of domains, opening up diverse career opportunities. They offer low-level control, allowing efficient resource utilization and performance optimization. C++ adds object-oriented programming capabilities, enabling modular and reusable code. The strong communities and extensive resources surrounding C and C++ provide ample support for learning and problem-solving. Proficiency in C and C++ serves as a solid foundation for learning other languages and enhances problem-solving skills. Finally, the demand for professionals skilled in C and C++ remains high, making it a valuable skill in the job market.

Frequently Asked Questions

C and C++ programming are computer programming languages. C is a general-purpose language known for its efficiency and low-level control. C++ is an extension of C that adds object-oriented programming features. Both languages allow developers to write software for a wide range of applications, including system programming, game development, and embedded systems. They provide powerful tools for managing memory, hardware, and optimising performance.

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C and C++ Programming is a skill that everyone who is interested in programming and wants to start a career in the software business should master. It serves as the foundation for all programming languages. All programming languages, including Java, c#, and any object-oriented programming language, are descended from C and C++.

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Freshers - C & C++ Interview Questions and Answers

C++ is an extension of the C language that adds object-oriented programming features like classes and inheritance, while C is a procedural programming language.

A variable that stores the memory address of another variable is known as a pointer. It allows direct memory manipulation and is commonly used for dynamic memory allocation and accessing data structures.

In pass-by value, a copy of the variable is passed to a function, while in pass-by reference, the memory address of the variable is passed. Changes made to the parameter in pass-by reference affect the original variable.

The 'const' keyword declares variables as read-only, indicating that their values cannot be modified after initialization.

'malloc' is a function in C used for dynamic memory allocation, while 'new' is an operator in C++ that allocates memory and calls the object's constructor.